Not much information is available when it comes to gender differences in coping after a whiplash. Up to the present day, the association between a person’s gender and the ability to cope have not been fully studied. This current study aims to determine if gender has something to do with a person’s ability to cope with long-lasting neck pain following a whiplash. Seven hundred and forty participants referred from emergency departments or general practitioners after car accidents in Denmark. Within a median of five days, post-collision participants completed questionnaires on collision characteristics, psychological distress, and socio-demographics. After 3 months they completed the Coping Strategies Questionnaire, and after 12 months a VAS scale on neck pain intensity.The odds for long-lasting neck pain were more than twice as high for women than for men (OR = 2.17 (95% CI: 1.40; 3.37). However, no gender difference in coping and no interaction between gender and the five coping subscales on neck pain after 12 months were found. ‘Distraction’ increased the odds for considerable neck pain for both men and women (OR = 1.03 (95% CI: 1.01; 1.05), ‘reinterpreting’ (OR = 1.03 (95% CI: 1.01; 1.06), ‘catastrophizing’ (OR = 1.14 (95% CI: 1.10; 1.18), and ‘praying and hoping’ (OR = 1.10 (95% CI: 1.05; 1.13) for each point on these scales.The results showed that there is no relation between coping and gender on neck pain. The different coping strategies 3 months post-collision did not explain the different prognosis observed in men and women.
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