Although pain ca be considered a subjective symptom, it must be investigated, questioned and evaluated in accordance with carrying out of an orthopedic examination. A number of subjective symptoms can be used in an objective manner by measuring the effects of pain on one’s ability to carry out daily chores. The specific location and quality of pain as well as the ability to replicate with consistency the reporting of pain to the examiner need to be considered.
It is important to remember that since a sign of non-lingering is the inconsistency in reporting of pain symptoms then a logical explanation is that consistency of a patient’s complaints leads to objectivity to their injury.
Here are a few terminologies that may come in handy:
Oriental practice of inserting needles into the skin at points (Meridians) of the body to help relieve pain and treat illness.
Sharp or intense short-term pain. Typically follows injury or surgery.
Psychological or emotional need for a drug. Associated with cravings and inappropriate efforts to obtain the drug.
The sensation of pain triggered by a stimulus to the skin that is normally not painful (e.g., lightly touching a sunburn).
Absence or decreased pain response to stimulation that would normally be painful.
Medicine used to relieve pain.
Absence or partial loss of sensation.
An agent (or agents) that reversibly produce anesthesia.
A medicine that reduces inflammation.
Disorder or disease of a joint.
Pain in or affecting a joint.
Intense pain and sensitivity usually following injury to a peripheral nerve.
Pain associated with a lesion or dysfunction of the central nervous system.
The opposite of acute pain. Persistent, long-term pain.
Pain due to the loss of normal sensory input into the central nervous system.
An area of skin supplied by fibers of a single nerve root.
An abnormal, unpleasant sensation.
An injection into the outer layer of the spinal canal (the epidural space).
Increased sensitivity to pain.
Abnormal, acute sensitivity to sensory stimulation of the skin.
Diminished sensitivity to sensory stimulation of the skin.
Usually refers to opioids–pain-relieving drugs that are derivatives of opium.
An injection of medication directly into or around a nerve or group of nerves to provide regional pain relief.
Pain in the distribution of a nerve or nerves and caused by nerve damage or dysfunction.
Inflammation of a nerve or nerves.
Pain originating from the malfunctioning of the nervous system.
Disturbance of function or pathologic change in one or more nerves.
Response to a painful stimulus.
A sensory nerve receptor that responds to pain.
A stimulus that is harmful or potentially harmful to body tissue, and triggers a painful or unpleasant sensation.
Opioid or Opiate
A pain-killing drug chemically related to opium.
An unpleasant feeling that may be associated with disease or trauma.
The most minimal stimulation that a person recognizes as painful—this varies from individual to individual.
Pain Tolerance Level
The greatest amount of pain a person can tolerate.
An abnormal sensation such as tingling or ‘pins and needles’ that may be uncomfortable, but not truly painful.
Inflammation of a nerve root in the spinal canal.
Pain and neurologic deficit caused by injury to a nerve root.
Pain felt in a body part that is distant from the pain origin. The origin and the body part may share a common nerve pathway.
Surgical incision of nerve root(s) within the spinal canal.
Sensory signals from the body—usually referring to signals from the limbs rather than internal organs.
An area in muscle or connective tissue that is hypersensitive to touch or pressure.